Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus is a disease that results in high blood glucose. Meaning, there is too much sugar in the blood. There are three different types of diabetes and they happen in different ways. To find out you have diabetes, you need to take a lab test led by a professional.
Types of diabetes
⦁ Type 1 or Juvinile diabetes: for someone to have type 1 diabetes, then it means the person’s pancreas is not producing enough insulin for the body. Type 1 diabetes typically appears in adolescence. It is a critical condition and need immediate care. It requires medical diagnosis. Treatments can help but it cannot be cured. Some common symptoms are increased thirst, blurred vision, hunger, frequent urination and tiredness. Treatments aim at maintaining a good sugar level through insulin therapy, regular monitoring, dieting and exercise.
⦁ Type 2: this type of diabetes is a chronic condition which affects how a body processes glucose. With this type of diabetes, the body either produces little insulin or resists it. It can be treated and requires medical diagnosis. Can last for years or for a lifetime. The symptoms are not different from that of type 1 diabetes. There can be no symptoms sometimes. It is advisable to to check your blood sugar level frequently. Treatments mainly consists of self care(diet, exercise), antidiabetic medications and insulin therapy.
⦁ Prediabetes: in this condition, the blood sugar is high but not up to a type 2 diabetes. It is likely to become a type 2
diabetes after ten years without intervention. Early treatment is advised for anyone with Prediabetes because it can be treated by a medical professional. There are mostly no symptoms associated with Prediabetes. Check blood sugar levels often and be informed about your condition.
Treatments consists mainly of self care. Lifestyle changes like, checking your diet, weight loss and medication can normalise your blood sugar level as a prediabetic patient.
Some symptoms of diabetes to consider are dry and itchy skin, loosing weight without trying, slow healing cuts and wounds, skin discolouration, yeast infection and having numb or tingling hands or feet.