You create opportunities, not just for the farmer, but also for his family, often improving their financial standing, health and educational prospects.

But the impact goes much further than that. When you give a farmer tools to succeed, you can help grow prosperity in his community, and build a food system that can feed everyone, every day, everywhere—nutritiously and sustainably.

Getting young Ghanaians in agriculture is a necessity since most of the country’s subsistence farmers are senior members of the society and are slowly fading out of the sector. If proper incentives are not available to the succeeding generation to engage in agriculture, it will leave a vacuum in the sector.

The agricultural sector offers significant job opportunities for the growing youth. Additionally, with the aging farmers that still employ the traditional agricultural methods, engaging youth in agriculture has become a necessity. So this article proposes four solutions for making agriculture more attractive to youth generations nowadays.

From Small Scale Farming to Big Business:
Many smallholder farmers do not treat agriculture as a business; they keep few if any records of how much they spend on inputs and supplies, or of sales. But without such records, it is impossible to know if the business is profitable, or if an investment is worth making. Transforming the mindset of farmers from hand-to-mouth to a business orientation is challenging, but numerous experiences point to some approaches that work.

Provide knowledge & skills training

About forty percent of respondents also cited that they lacked the knowledge and skills to run a farm or business. Of our unemployed and tertiary educated respondents, over forty percent said they did not acquire agricultural knowledge or skills from the university. Making agriculture attractive would require providing training for youths. This demographic misses out on the opportunities available in agriculture simply because they lack skills in agriculture.

Agriculture and entrepreneurship training should be a requirement in secondary and tertiary education. Governments and academic bodies need to make deliberate efforts to incorporate agricultural training into the current education system as a compulsory subject. Governments should also promote conferences and seminars aimed at promoting the study of agribusiness.

Make financing accessible.

The third issue is access to financing, so youth can invest in agriculture as a business. Growing 1 hectare(ha) of produce is more profitable than working in a bank. But few youths have the basic funds necessary to invest in drip irrigation or even buy quality inputs to start their business.

Within and outside Ghana, there are a lot of opportunities. Many youth are being pre-financed to establish themselves as agri-preneurs. For example, in the soybean partnership, Ghana could connect the Agriculture Development Bank with Youth whose business plan can be funded. The bank would be responsive because the market for soybean is huge. We could also connect these youths with business services that provide harvesters and planters, which could radically change the way they see farming.

Embrace technology to drive impact and scale

Digital for Agriculture (D4Ag) tools for weather information, crop production and access to markets are providing farmers with tools and information to make informed decisions and improve productivity. Technology can connect the young agri-prenuers to capital and business support while informing their decisions on when plant or harvest in light of climate change.

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